Desoldering the connections from the circuit board are vital for replacing or salvaging electronic components when these are damaged. And when it comes to how to clean solder off a circuit board, you can opt for many methods.
You can use a soldering pump or braided equipment or even a compressed air device to solder off the circuit board. We will thus, discuss the essential tips to remove solder from pads. So, without much ado, let us start the tutorial.
How To Clean Solder Off A Circuit Board
You can use a soldering pump, iron or even an air compressor to remove solder from the circuit board. The good news is that none of these desoldering methods ischallenging.
Tips 1: How to remove stubborn solder
When it comes to removing stubborn solder from the metal PCB or ceramic PCB, you can use a desoldering pump or iron for the process. The soldering pump is also known as a solder sucker or vacuum device.
It removes the melted solder from the circuit board components. The process includes the following steps:
Step 1: Cleaning the board
The first step of using a soldering pump is to clean off the terminal from unnecessary debris and rust. Use isopropyl or rubbing alcohol on the circuit board terminals to wipe off the residue. You need to apply the isopropyl alcohol on the soldering side and not on the electric components.
After using rubbing alcohol, use a soft-bristled toothbrush to wipe off the debris from the solder parts gently.
Step 2: Attaching a heat sink
It often happens that excessive heat of a soldering iron will damage the electric components on the other side of the circuit board. The damage may occur on the transistors, resistors or even in the integrated circuits (ICs).
So, you need to bring down the heat of the soldering pump or iron into a more manageable point. Thus, we recommend you use a metal alligator clip. The metal part of the pin will absorb heat and dissipate the heat.
You need to attach the clip in between the electric terminal and component of the circuit board to reduce the heat effect of the soldering iron or pump.
Step 3: Cleaning the soldering iron
Often the tip f the soldering iron contains debris, especially soldering material. It hampers a neat and clean desoldering of the circuit board. So, the tip must be clean.
For it, turn on the soldering pump at first. After that, wait for three minutes to allow the tip heat up adequately. Then, push it on a clean sponge for cleaning. You should push the soldering iron from the tip to down for cleaning.
Also, use a wet sponge for better results.
Step 4: Heating the part of a soldered location
Now push the soldering iron right on where you want to clean solder off from the circuit board. Keep pressing the solder iron tip until it connects with the soldered section of the circuit board. Once the tilt latches with the depressed point, heat the location with the iron.
Step 5: Vacuuming the melted location
Once you hold down the soldering iron properly on the location, the heat will start melting the solder from the board. Then apply the soldering pump and connect it on the melted portion of the solder pad to create the vacuum.
You will have to release the spring using a push button. Once removed the piston of the soldering pump will shoot back immediately. The created vacuum in the process will then pull up the melted solder part towards the pump.
Step 6: Emptying the desoldered part and cleaning off the circuit board
Now remove the vacuumed solder into the trash and then carefully wipe off the recently wiped off circuit board pad. You will be amazed at your desoldering skills.
Tip 2: How to remove solder without heat
If you want to clean solder off a circuit board without using heat, using a compressed air machine is your best alternative. The compressed air inside the can will merely blast the solder away from the circuit board using its high pressure. The process is also ideal when it comes to how to remove solder without a pump.
- Before you release the compressed air from the can shake it properly. Turn the can of the compressed air upside down and then bring it right where you want to release the compressed air.
- Remove the container lid and spray the compressed air carefully on the soldering joints. The high pressure may turn the PCB. But it will return to the normalcy once the pressure is released and absorbed by the soldering point.
- The joint will still have connections with the board. Use wrench pliers to pull off the soldered components from the board.
- Sometimes, you may not have pliers readily available at hand. Then use the edge of a table to brush and remove off the solder.
Tips 3: How to remove solder from speaker terminals
Sometimes the speaker terminal of connections between two speakers or audio devices may get damaged. Then, you need to remove it for replacing. Also, if you want to fix the problems of the speaker terminal, you may need to replace several components from the circuit board.
You can use the soldering pump, iron or braided desoldering gear for the purpose. The processes have been described adequately on the tips mentioned above.
Tips 4:How to remove solder from copper
Sometimes you may need to remove solder from the copper PCB. We recommend you use a desoldering braid for the purpose.
- At first, unwind the desoldering braid a few inches from the copper coil.
- The solder wick needs to have soldering flux. If the wick lacks the flux, add it on the tip.
- Now carefully position the braid on the soldering joint.
- Now between the desired soldered pin and positioned braid to use the soldering iron to heat the component.
- As the heat flow through the braid, the component will melt. After that, remove the braid carefully and then, remove the melted element too.
The methods of how to clean solder off a circuit board can be tricky if you don’t know the processes elaborately. That’s why we have described each of the steps with proper explanation and care for your convenience.
So, you shouldn’t face any problem with the cleaning solder off a circuit board anymore.